The all-terrain vehicles are dedicatedly off-road riding vehicles and thus are made more versatile and durable. Modern ATVs come with high performance and extraordinary features.
The engines present in high and moderate-quality ATVs are made efficiently and can go through lots of rough experiences. The engine getting locked up or being seized is one of the worrying things that makes the rider get into trouble and raises a lot of confusion because of the lack of ATV engine knowledge.
You need to be able to diagnose the engine symptoms and properly analyze the engine problem scenarios. When the motor gets locked, and the ATV refuses to have any movement, you need to take the situation with patience.
The starter present would still keep trying to crank up the engine if the key is turned again after turning it off. If you attempt to turn the key again and again, the electric wires can give off smoke due to overheating. The smoke will be a sign of a locked up or seized engine.
If you suspect that your ATV’s engine has been seized or got locked up, then you can run an easy test to verify it.
First, you need to let the cylinders fill up with engine oil and stay like that for a certain amount of time. Then, after an hour, try starting up the engine again.
Use a breaker bar if you need to for turning the engine over. You might be successful in unlocking the engine and getting it running again.
The sounds that you get in such a probable motor locked-up situation are also important to check. When the engine makes a distinct sound of knocking or periodic clunking noises, then it will be a sign of a locked up or seized motor.
Signs to check for a locked-up or seized motor
Most of the time, electronic components like the radio still work even when the engine doesn’t turn over.
Figuring out a locked-up engine in the middle of a trail or barren terrain is quite a difficult and overwhelming situation. Try to calm your mind and take deep breaths to handle the situation much better.
Signs in an ill motor of atv
To inspect for deterioration in the atv motor, you need to take off the cover on the cylinder first, then after analyzing the cylinder surface to find any decay or damage if present.
The pistons present within the cylinders of the ATV do tremendous movements and sometimes produce a huge amount of heat.
This heat sometimes exceeds the balanced amount and gets fused with the cylinder walls, and then as the heat wears off, the piston gets jammed in its position.
You can analyze and check if the pistons are jammed up or not. There might be severe piston damage incidents, but that is very rare. In this scenario, the connecting rod detaches from the piston.
The piston gets bumped up with the head of the cylinder. The block of the engine might even end up with a hole if the piston collides with the connecting rod.
There might also be issues with the timing chain, which indirectly might cause the engine to get locked up or seized. The valves can get damaged by the piston function if the timing belt is corrupted due to some reason. The valves, the crankshaft, and the connection rods can get highly damaged, too.
Unsuitable oil use and oil leaks
Oil is the prime component in keeping the piston and the cylinder walls in smooth contact. The oil also helps scoop out some of the heat dissipated from the engine or motor.
When the motor has been leaking oil, the desired amount of oil is not present to keep the combustion chamber walls smooth and fine for the piston to function. This will lead to damage to the whole piston area, along with the crankshaft.
On the other hand, if you are using an unsuitable oil for your ATV, it might also cause a lot of damage to the vehicle.
Using low-quality or other-purpose oil makes the piston movements slow and constricted. This kind of practice causes serious damage to the engine and shortens your ATV’s life span.
Using ideal and recommended ATV oil keeps your engine’s piston and other essential components working fine as they are meant to.
Timing chain issues and damaged valve of the thermostat
The timing chain is the most critical component in the connection between the crankshaft and the camshaft. The gears get turned by these crankshaft rotations.
If any of the components in this timing belt section gets disturbed, then the oil and air valve synchronization can get distorted, making the ATV get locked up or seized in many cases.
If the whole engine system timing is disoriented, the piston can hit up the closed valve and damage not only itself but the cylinder and the connection rods.
The thermostat valve can be considered the most important component for maintaining an optimum temperature in the engine or motor.
The thermostat valve opens up whenever the engine reaches a certain heat and temperature to pass the cooling material through the engine to reduce the heat of the ATV motor. The thermostat must be closed the rest of the time for system stability.
The engine would get overheated if the thermostat doesn’t work properly, leading to the motor getting locked up or seized.
If the ATV is operating in very cold conditions, then the thermostat also helps keep up the required heat in the engine failing, which keeps the motor locked up. Extra fuel gets burned if the thermostat valve doesn’t function properly.
Water auto-lock and other debris problems
Some riders habitually drive their all-terrain in extremely muddy and waterlogged tracks. There always remains a slight chance of the ATV getting deep into the soil, and some water and mud can seep into the vehicle engine area.
This leads to a hydrostatic lock in the ATV motor, which is like a defense mechanism of the vehicle against the water and mud.
If the water gets into the combustion engine, the piston and connection rods can get highly damaged due to severe pressure from the oil and water.
In some cases, the piston force might force the water to go out by breaking through the cylinder walls. This kind of damage would cost you a lot for repair and will also make the ATV non-functioning until repair. A professional ATV mechanic would find the locked-up ATV motor very difficult to fix.
As the atvs are meant to be driven in rough trails of sandstone, rocks, woods, and even dunes, the atv deals with a lot of debris of several kinds.
Sometimes it happens that the debris gets in through the ATV in the engine space and then the combustion chamber.
If debris gets in the small gaps between the cylinder walls and the piston, then the piston can get jammed and stop the engine function by locking up the motor. The piston’s surface can also be damaged by corrupting the ring stripes on it.
Precautions to take for not having a locked up atv
The prime component that needs to be at ease so that any kind of locking up of the motor doesn’t occur is the pistons. The ATV motor seizing or locking up should be avoided if possible by taking necessary precautions and taking care of your ATV.
The expenditure you need to make for getting an ATV motor fixed is very high and even gets you in a lot of trouble if the locking up scenario happens in the middle of a trail.
Sometimes the ATV motor gets so damaged that it becomes much less costly to get a new engine for your ATV. The precautions you can take are as follows:
If somehow you notice that water has got into the engine, do not attempt to restart the vehicle immediately.
First, open the hood, dry out the components, and get the water out, which might be stuck inside the vehicle anywhere. Leave your ATV under the sun for some time, and also use a towel-like cloth to clean the ATV components.
Regularly checking components like the thermostat valve and the coolant is very important. Sometimes the valve faces difficulty in opening and closing at the right time, and it might cause problems.
Coolant leaking issues are also not very rare with atvs, so keeping a check on the vital components of your ATVs can save your ATV motor from being locked up.
According to experts, the engine oil present must be changed for every three thousand miles the ATV achieves. The miles value is much less than a car or bike because of the features and the purpose the atvs have.
All atvs are specifically made to be driven on difficult off-road trails and tracks and hence have a high rpm, too. This is the reason why the engine oil in ATVs deteriorates quicker than other vehicles and requires to be changed in time.
Keep a check on the timing chain of the ATV after every two rides. The timing chain is crucial in keeping the crankshaft operational and maintaining the synchronized working of the pistons. Change the timing belt on your own with the help of the manual you got with the purchase of atv if you find lots of wear and tear.
The engine always makes noises when it gets in trouble.
So look out for the cranking or squeaking noises that will be uncommon to you. Whenever you repeatedly hear these types of noises, get an expert to check if you can’t analyze them well.
Piston release and we 40 use
To release the piston, which gets stuck first, you need to take off the cover and put the cylinder in an upright position. Use a penetrating oil like kroil to fill the top portion of the piston.
Replace the cover on the top of the piston or use a different layer to avoid any evaporation of the oil. Leave the piston like that for a couple of hours so that the ATV motor soaks the oil well enough.
As for the penetrative oil application, the most popular one is the WD 40. But experts suggest that for the ATV motor products like Kroil and liquid wrench work the best.
The kroil has been proven to get into the micro gaps of the piston and get it loosened and back to functioning.
As the kroil and liquid wrench are quite expensive, most people prefer the WD 40 over others. If you see the piston doesn’t move even the slightest, then keep the penetrative oil soaking for up to ten hours for a proper release.
What is a common sign that indicates an ATV engine might be locked up or seized?
A common sign of a locked-up or seized ATV engine is when the starter continues to try to crank the engine after turning the key off. If the key is repeatedly turned on and off, the electric wires might produce smoke due to overheating, indicating a potential engine lock-up.
How can one test if their ATV’s engine is seized or locked up?
To verify a seized or locked-up engine, you can fill the cylinders with engine oil and let it sit for a while. After an hour, attempt to start the engine again. If needed, use a breaker bar to turn the engine over. This might help in unlocking the engine.
What sounds should one be attentive to when suspecting a locked-up engine?
Distinct knocking or periodic clunking noises from the engine can be indicative of a locked-up or seized motor.
How can water and debris lead to an ATV motor getting locked up?
If an ATV is frequently driven in muddy and waterlogged tracks, there’s a chance that water and mud can enter the engine area, leading to a hydrostatic lock. This defense mechanism can cause damage to the piston and connecting rods due to the pressure from the oil and water. Additionally, debris from rough trails can enter the engine and jam the piston, causing the motor to lock up.
What precautions can be taken to prevent an ATV motor from locking up?
Regular maintenance and checks are essential. Ensure that the engine oil is changed every three thousand miles, inspect the timing chain after every two rides, and listen for unusual engine noises. If water enters the engine, dry out the components before attempting to restart. Regularly check components like the thermostat valve and coolant, and use the recommended ATV oil to ensure smooth piston movements.
Determining becomes much easier if you learn how to check and analyze the symptoms of atv motor locking up. There are various signs which can tell if the ATV motor is locked up and what could be the possible reason for such a scenario.
Often the issue is with the piston in the cylindrical walls. If you can get the piston running again with care, you can get it to ride again. If you know the reasons why the atv gets locked up it becomes much easier to prevent it by being cautious beforehand.